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Prospectus

Physical Education

Physical Education
Mr N Gresswell (Director of Sport) ngresswell@conyers.org.uk Miss A Holmes aholmes@conyers.org.uk
Mrs R Lilley (Head of Department) rlilley@conyers.org.uk Mr P Plows pplows@conyers.org.uk
Mrs J Duffy-Smith jduffy-smith@conyers.org.uk Mr P Youll pyoull@conyers.org.uk

Please select the links below to view further information about the department. The assessment programme explains how and what the students will be assessed on along with information on how to prepare.

  • Key Stage 4
  • GCSE
  • BTEC Sport
  • Year 10 GSCE Assessment
  • Year 11 GCSE Assessment

Develop your skills through a programme of games and physical activities, as well as enjoying yourself and gaining some much needed recreation. You will choose one option per half term, so there will be plenty of variety.

GCSE Physical Education

Introduction

This course should appeal to those who are interested in developing their knowledge in healthy lifestyles and exercise.  Key aspects of the course are that students understand how physical activity and exercise contributes to being healthy, along with how different physiological systems support the body in growth, development and sporting performance. The qualification consists of a practical and a theoretical exam. It is important to note that the choices between GCSE PE and BTEC SPORT will depend upon the students’ practical ability. This can be discussed with the student’s PE teacher.

Skills

Students will require the following skills: High level of practical performance, leadership, communication, organisation, time management, ICT, research, independent learning.

Course structure

Students will study GCSE PE both theoretically and practically.  This is weighted with 60% of the overall qualification being made up from the theory work with 40% achieved through the practical exam.  Students will cover theory work in conjunction with practical lessons.  During this time students will learn:

  • How a lifestyle contributes positively to physical, mental and social well-being
  • Regular exercise habits and physical activity is what makes a healthy active lifestyle.
  • The impact physical activity and exercise has on the cardiovascular, respiratory, muscular and skeletal systems.  How lifestyle choices (diet, drugs and alcohol) affect the body systems and fitness.
  • How different training types can impact on the body and improve aspects of fitness

Students will be graded in sports across the two years in preparation for their final exam.

Assessment

The Theory of Physical Education (60%) Students will study:

  • The Human Body and Movement in physical activity
  • Socio-Cultural influences and well-being in physical activity and sport

This is assessed in 2 written examinations both that are one hour and fifteen minutes long which include multiple-choice, short answer and longer answer questions. Performance in Physical Education (40%) Students will be graded in a range of sports across the two years, in the exam they will participate in their best three, one of which has to be a team and one an individual sport. Students can be assessed in sports in and out of school.

Introduction to Course

The BTEC Level 1/Level 2 First Award in Sport has been designed to provide an engaging introduction to the world of sport. The qualification builds on learning from Key Stage 3 for those who may wish to explore a vocational route throughout Key Stage 4. It also provides a good introduction to Sport for learners who progress into vocational post-16 education. It is important to note that the choices between GCSE PE and BTEC Sport will depend upon the students’ practical ability. This can be discussed with the students’ PE teacher.

Skills

Students will require the following skills:

  • Leadership
  • Independence
  • Communication
  • Organisation
  • Time Management
  • ICT Skills
  • Independent Learning
  • Research skills

Units or course structure

Students will study BTEC First Award theoretically, with only one unit being taught practically. Within the two years, students will complete several units. Within these units, students will cover:

  • A healthy active lifestyle and the contribution to physical, mental and social well being
  • The importance of an active lifestyle and research to evolve lifestyles over time
  • How training types can impact the body and improve aspects of fitness
  • Sports leadership and leadership coaching
  • Psychological mindset of the performer and how varying sporting situations affect this
  • Strategies to cope with sports psychology and the demands sport entails

Assessment

There are two assessment methods, one external (exam based) and three internal (assignments). Internal assignments can be written, verbal or practical. These will be set by the PE department.

  1. Fitness for Sport and Exercise – External – this is a computer based, 1 hour exam
  2. Practical Sports Performance – Internal – assignments based

Students will then study two of the following units, which are internally assessed.

  1. The Mind and Sports Performance
  2. The Sports Performer in Action
  3. Training for Personal Fitness
  4. Leading Sports Activities

Year 10 GCSE Assessment

Please make reference to the GCSE Specification when considering the key areas to revise. http://www.aqa.org.uk/subjects/physical-education/gcse/physical-education-8582

Term 1

Assessment Focus and Purpose Key Concepts/Skills Assessed Preparation/Key Areas to Revise
Assessment (teacher assessed) Musculoskeletal End of unit Assessment  3.1 The human body in Physical Activity and Sport3.1.1.1 Musculoskeletal system 3.1.1.2 Cardio-respiratory system Assessment will focus on the specification key idea(s):

  • Identification of the bones
  • How the skeletal system provides a framework for movement (in conjunction with the muscular system)
  • Functions of the skeleton
  • Identification of the muscles within the body
  • Identification of the structures of a synovial joint and how they help to prevent injury
  • How joints differ in design to allow certain types of movement at a joint
  • How the major muscles and muscle groups of the body work antagonistically on the major joints of the skeleton to affect movement in physical activity at the major movable joints
  • The pathway of air
  • Gaseous exchange
  • Structure of arteries, capillaries and veins
  • Structure of the heart
  • The cardiac cycle and the pathway of the blood

Mechanics of breathing – the interaction of the intercostal muscles, ribs and diaphragm in breathing

Term 2

Assessment Focus and Purpose Key Concepts/Skills Assessed Preparation/Key Areas to Revise
Assessment: (teacher assessed) Short and Long term effects of exercise 3.1 The human body in physical activity and sport 3.1.1.3 Aerobic and anaerobic exercise 3.1.1.4 Short and long term effects Assessment will focus on the specification key idea(s):

  • Understanding the terms aerobic exercise (in the presence of oxygen) and anaerobic exercise (in the absence of enough oxygen)
  • The use of aerobic and anaerobic exercise in practical examples of differing intensities
  • Excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC)/oxygen debt as the result of muscles respiring anaerobically during vigorous exercise and producing lactic acid

The recovery process from vigorous exercise

Term 3

Assessment Focus and Purpose Key Concepts/Skills Assessed Preparation/Key Areas to Revise
Assessment: (teacher assessed) Physical Training 3.1.3 Physical training 3.1.3.1 Relationship between health and fitness 3.1.3.2 Components of fitness Assessment will focus on the specification key idea(s):

  • Definitions of health and fitness
  • The relationship between health and fitness
  • Definitions of the following components of fitness:
  • Linking sports and physical activity to the required components of fitness
  • Reasons for and limitations of fitness testing
  • Measuring the components of fitness
  • Demonstration of how data are collected for fitness testing

Term 4

Assessment Focus and Purpose Key Concepts/Skills Assessed Preparation/Key Areas to Revise
Assessment: (teacher assessed)  Physical Training 3.1.3.3. Principles of training 3.1.3.4 Optimise training and prevent injury 3.1.3.5 Effects of warm up/cool down Assessment will focus on the specification key idea(s):

  • The principles of training and overload
  • Application of the principles of training
  • Types of training
  • Identification of the advantages and disadvantages (the effects on the body) of training types linked to specific aims
  • Calculating intensities to optimise training effectiveness
  • Considerations to prevent injury
  • Specific training techniques – high altitude training as a form of aerobic training
  • Warming up and cooling down

Term 5

Assessment Focus and Purpose Key Concepts/Skills Assessed Preparation/Key Areas to Revise
Assessment: (teacher assessed) Movement analysis 3.1.2.1 Lever systems, examples of their use in activity and the mechanical advantage they provide in movement 3.1.2.2 Planes and axes of movement Assessment will focus on the specification key idea(s):

  • First, second and third class lever systems within sporting examples
  • Mechanical advantage – an understanding of mechanical advantage in relation to the three lever systems
  • Analysis of basic movements in sporting examples

Identification of the relevant planes (frontal, transverse, sagittal) and axes (longitudinal, transverse, sagittal) of movement used whilst performing sporting actions

Term 6

Assessment Focus and Purpose Key Concepts/Skills Assessed Preparation/Key Areas to Revise
Y10 Trial Exam (teacher assessed) All of the above for their end of year 10 Exam Written Analysis and evaluation coursework Review class notes (exercise book/s) and resources on iPad in relation to all topics covered.

  • The questions will be from multiple choice, 1,2 3 and 4 mark questions.

  There will be dedicated inbuilt time for ‘revision’ and ‘revision skills’ in the weeks running up to the final end of year exams. Students are issued with specific revision areas and advice from their teacher about how best to prepare and approach the questions. Pupils will also start their coursework, this can be any sport from the specification. See pages 43-170

Year 11 GCSE Assessment

Please make reference to the GCSE Specification when considering the key areas to revise. http://www.aqa.org.uk/subjects/physical-education/gcse/physical-education-8582

Term 1

Assessment Focus and Purpose Key Concepts/Skills Assessed Preparation/Key Areas to Revise
Assessment: (teacher assessed) *First 3 lessons Written Analysis and evaluation coursework 3.2 Socio-cultural influences and well-being in physical activity and sport 3.2.1 Sports psychology 3.2.1.1 Classification of skills (basic/complex, open/closed) 3.2.1.2 The use of goal setting and SMART targets to improve and/or optimise performance Assessment will focus on the specification key idea(s): See pages 41-43 of the specification of a breakdown for coursework

  • Skill and ability
  • Classifications of skill
  • Definitions of types of goals
  • The use and evaluation of setting performance and outcome goals in sporting examples
  • The use of SMART targets to improve and/or optimise performance

Term 2

Assessment Focus and Purpose Key Concepts/Skills Assessed Preparation/Key Areas to Revise
Assessment: (teacher assessed) 3.2 Socio-cultural influences and well-being in physical activity and sport Year 11 Mocks- all topics from Year 10 to date on exam 3.2.1.3 Basic information processing 3.2.1.4 Guidance and feedback on performance 3.2.1.5 Mental preparation for performance 3.2.2.1 Engagement patterns of different social groups in physical activity and sport 3.2.2.2 Commercialisation of physical activity and sport 3.2.2.3 Ethical and socio-cultural issues in physical activity and sport Assessment will focus on the specification key idea(s):

  • Basic information processing model
  • Identify examples of, and evaluate, the effectiveness of the use of types of guidance
  • Arousal/Inverted-U theory
  • Understand the difference between direct and indirect aggression with application to specific sporting examples
  • Understand the characteristics of introvert and extrovert personality types
  • Definition of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, as used in sporting examples
  • Engagement patterns of different social groups
  • Commercialisation
  • Types of sponsorship and the media
  • Positive and negative impacts of technology

Term 3

Assessment Focus and Purpose Key Concepts/Skills Assessed Preparation/Key Areas to Revise
Assessment: (teacher assessed) 3.2.2 Socio-cultural influences Practical exam– (Exam board assessed) 3.2.2.3 Ethical and socio-cultural issues in physical activity and sport 3.2.3 Health, fitness and well-being Assessment will focus on the specification key idea(s):

  • Conduct of performers
  • Prohibited substances
  • Which type of performers may use different types of performance enhancing drugs (PEDs) with sporting examples
  • Spectator behaviour (the positive and the negative effects of spectators at events)
  • Hooliganism
  • Linking participation in physical activity, exercise and sport to health, well-being and fitness, and how exercise can suit the varying needs of different people

Term 4

Assessment Focus and Purpose Key Concepts/Skills Assessed Preparation/Key Areas to Revise
Assessment: (teacher assessed) 3.2.2 Socio-cultural influences 3.2.3.2 The consequences of a sedentary lifestyle 3.2.3.3 Energy use, diet, nutrition and hydration Assessment will focus on the specification key idea(s):

  • The consequences of a sedentary lifestyle
  • Energy use/Nutrition

Revision and exam techniques will be covered in lesson time. There will be a department mock exam on all topics of the specification.

Term 5

Assessment Focus and Purpose Key Concepts/Skills Assessed Preparation/Key Areas to Revise
Assessment: (teacher assessed) Does not apply Revision and exam preparation for both Paper 1 and Paper 2

Students on Study Leave for final linear exams – AQA – June