What is SEND?
Special Educational Needs and Disabilities [SEND] is a term used to describe the needs of a child /young person who has a learning difficulty or disability which calls for special educational provision to be made for him or her.
SEND covers a broad spectrum of difficulty or disability falling into four categories: cognition and learning; communication and interaction; sensory and/or physical; social, emotional and mental health.
Communication and Interaction
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – ADHD
- Autism Spectrum Disorder – ASD
- Speech, language and communication – SLCN
Cognition and Learning
- Dyslexia and Dyscalculia – SpLD
- Dyspraxia – DCD
- Global Learning Delay – GLD
- Moderate Learning Difficulty – MLD
Social, Emotional and Mental Health
- Attachment difficulties
- Pathological demand avoidance – PDA
- Severe phobias
- Social and emotional needs
Sensory/ Physical Needs
- Hearing Impairment – HI
- Physical or medical needs
- Sensory Difficulties
- Visual Impairment – VI
Schools are required by law to provide education for all students, regardless of ability or needs.
A young person has a learning difficulty or disability if he or she has a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of others of the same age, or has a disability which prevents or hinders facilities of a kind generally provided for others of the same age.